Kandahar is a large province in the southeast of Afghanistan on the border of Pakistan. Its dominant ethnic group is Pashtun, a tribal and conservative people who, historically, have been very opposed to foreign occupation. The Taliban, also mostly Pashtun, had begun their movement in Kandahar and maintained strong ties with some of the tribes there
Located not far from Camp Nathan Smith, Sarpoza was the main prison in Kandahar Province. The prison was run by the Afghan National Police, but Canadian Forces and corrections officers visited to verify security and humanitarian conditions.
The civilians living in Afghanistan are the victims when a war unfolds in their city or town. More than 31,000 Afghan civilians have died from direct and indirect causes of insurgent actions or NATO-led actions such as infrastructures collapsing, violence arising from the conflict or poor health caused by the social-economical environment.