Understanding the conflict: definitions

OP

OP

Operation (mission name)

Green zone

Green zone

Protected international zone where diplomats and foreign agencies live.

 

Rules of engagement

Rules of engagement

Internal rules defining when to use force.

 

IED

IED

Improvised explosive device – a homemade bomb.

PsyOps

PsyOps

Psychological operations:  used to influence the emotions/ideas of local population and to convince Afghans of Canadian and Allied objectives in Afghanistan. Can include gathering information.

 

Military deployment

Military deployment

Sending troops into duty, assigning area where they will be deployed.

 

Civilian

Civilian

Person not in the armed forces or police force.

Returning to civilian life

Returning to civilian life

Leaving military duties and returning to their life before, as a civilian. 

 

CIMIC

CIMIC

Civil-Military Cooperation – an army function that coordinates between military and civilians like NGOs or locals. Often supports development and helps win support for military operations.

 

Condition yellow

Condition yellow

Code in the army – to be calm but quick to react if the situation calls for it.

 

Frontlines

Frontlines

Position closest to the enemy. 

 

PTSD

PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder, psychological stress caused by traumatic events, can reoccur suddenly. Can be lifelong.

Sunni and Shi’a

Sunni and Shi’a

Two different branches of Islam, often in conflict. The majority of Afghanistan is Sunni (like the majority of Muslims). Hazaras are Shi’a and are a persecuted group in Afghanistan.

 

Fundamentalist

Fundamentalist

A fundamentalist believes in a very strict, very literal interpretation of religious scripture. Fundamentalists can be Muslim, Christian or other religions.

 

Jihad

Jihad

“Holy war” It is the struggle against the enemies of Islam. Can also be a personal struggle against one’s own sins.

 

Islamism

Islamism

The belief that public and political life should be governed by Islamic law, sharia law.

 

al Qaeda

al Qaeda

Multi-national militant Sunni Islamist organization, terrorist. Responsible for Sept 11 attacks. 

 

Taliban

Taliban

Sunni fundamentalist political and military organization waging guerilla warfare for the control of Afghanistan.

Insurgent

Insurgent

A rebel or revolutionary person fighting against a civil authority or established government.

 

NGO

NGO

Non-governmental organization. Often involved in humanitarian work. Examples: Red Cross/Red Crescent, Doctors Without Borders.

 

UN

UN

United Nations, an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain peace and security internationally.

 

NATO

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization, intergovernmental military alliance for the collective defence of member nations.

 

Soldiers’ Experiences

Nicolas Gauthier

Harold Strul

Danny Houle

Kevin Motton

Anthony Petrilli

Megal Johnson